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Web Site Accessibility

Section 2: Web Site Accessibility Articles, Tutorials, Resources, and Books

This section includes annotated links to helpful Web accessibility articles and tutorials, Web sites or sections devoted to Web accessibility, and recommended books on Web accessibility. Tutorials include CSS and accessibility, creating accessible PDF files, accessible DHTML and multimedia, Web accessibility for visual impairments, Web sites devoted to Web accessibility, and more. You'll also find articles on why Web site accessibility matters, along with helpful Web accessibility books that go into a great deal of detail about how to create and implement Web sites with accessibility in mind.

For U.S. Web accessibility compliance requirements, see also Section 3: Section 508 and ADA here at

Do you know of some good articles, tutorials, tips, Web sites, books, or other resources related to Web site accessibility? Recommendations are welcome and encouraged!

Accessibility Articles and Tutorials

The following articles cover information about accessibility while tutorials help with how to include accessibility features for your Web site. The tutorials are also organized by category to help find specific topics.

Know of others? Please let us know!

Accessibility Articles

More on PAS 78: Publicly Available Specification (PAS) 78 was developed by the Disability Rights Commission (DRC) in collaboration with the British Standards Institution (BSI). You can learn more about it and purchase a hard copy or downloadable PDF version via PAS 78 Guide to Good Practice in Commissioning Accessible Websites section at the British Standards Institution (BSI) Web site.

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Accessibility Tutorials and Tips

See also's W3C Accessibility Tutorials.

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CSS and Accessibility

Most of the above articles and tutorials cover CSS, too, since CSS is typically an integral part of designing an accessible site. Those listed below are specifically focused on using CSS effectively to help your Web site's accessibility.

For more resources on CSS and accessibility at

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DHTML and Accessibility

Adobe Flash (formerly Macromedia Flash) and Accessibility

The added “bonus” to creating more accessible Flash files is that search engines that can spider Flash will then be able to crawl the accessible content. Like so much with accessibility, sites typically are much more crawlable by search engines, too.

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JavaScript and Accessibility

For more on JavaScript, see also's Web Resources JavaScript section.

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Multimedia and Accessibility

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PDF and Accessibility

See also Accessibility Accessibility Tools for a free Adobe accessible PDF tool and more tools to help Web site accessibility.

Visual Impairments and Accessibility

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Accessibility Sites and Resources

While some Web sites are totally devoted to accessibility issues, others provide devoted sections, as categorized below.

Web Sites or Web Site Sections Devoted to Accessibility

Other Accessibility Links Resources

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Recommended Books on Accessibility

The books listed below are highly recommended books on accessibility.'s editor/owner personally owns many of the books recommended at this site, and all books listed come highly recommended. The links will take you to information and reviews.

Do you have any recommendations or thoughts about those already listed here? Please let us know!

Also Recommended

The following have at least a chapter on accessibility or include accessibility as an integral part of the book:

Read short reviews and find more book recommendations on Web site-related topics in our Recommended Books Accessibility Books section!

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